is a list of definitions you might find helpful in understanding LGBT issues:
- Any person whose attitude and behaviors work toward combating homophobia and
heterosexism, both on a personal and institutional level.
Androgyny - The combination of both
feminine and masculine traits in fashion, gender identity, or sexual identity.
sex - The male and female anatomical and physiological sex characteristics of a
person present at birth.
- The fear and hatred of or discomfort with people who are bisexual.
- A person who is emotionally, physically, sexually, spiritually, and
intellectually attracted to members of both sexes though not necessarily
Bisexual erasure - the inclination to
ignore, reexplain, or remove evidence of bisexuality from history, academia,
and news media; in more severe instances, the denial of bisexuality’s
Cisgender - The term for an
individual whose gender identity coincides with their biological sex; the
opposite of transgender.
out - To declare or affirm publicly one’s gay, lesbian or bisexual orientation,
sometimes to one person in conversation, sometimes by an act that places one in
the public eye. It is not a single event but instead a life-long process.
therapy - Programs designed to “change” a person from a homosexual orientation
to a heterosexual orientation; these programs may be found in religious
doctrine and may involve classes, readings, and aversion therapy.
- A person who enjoys wearing clothes and accessories typically worn by the
other gender. Cross dressers may be heterosexual, gay/lesbian, or bisexual.
- Terms sometimes used to describe a lesbian/gay man, often seen as derogatory.
FtM/MtF - Short for female-to-male
and male-to-female, pertaining to transgender individuals.
man/Lesbian - The preferred term for male homosexuals/female homosexuals.
Genderqueer - A term for anyone whose
gender identity falls outside of the male/female binary.
role - Socially constructed behavioral expectations associated with being
either male or female.
identity - A person’s sense of being male or female.
GSRM - Gender, Sexual, and Romantic
minorities; an alternative term to LGBT that many believe to be more inclusive.
Heteronormativity - A societal bias
toward distinct and complementary gender roles, implying that heterosexuality
is the only norm.
- Sexual orientation prejudice combined with personal, institutional, or
cultural power to impose that prejudice or discrimination. Heterosexism is used
to the advantage of one sexual orientation. It includes the assumption that
everyone is heterosexual or should be.
Hormone replacement therapy - A
transgender person may opt to change the balance of sex hormones in their body
by pill, injection, or patch.
oppression - Institutional arrangements of a society used to benefit one group
at the expense of another, illustrated through the use of language, media,
education, economics, religion, etc.
oppression - The process by which a member of an oppressed group comes to
accept and live out the inaccurate myths and stereotypes applied to the
Intersex - A variation in sex
characteristics that does not allow an individual’s biological sex to be
distinctly identified as male or female; 1 in 2,000 children are born intersex.
- Current term used to describe men who focus on grooming and current styles.
Pansexual - A person who does not
limit themselves in sexual choice with regard to sex, gender, or identity.
- Exposing someone’s sexual orientation to others, usually without their
permission, in essence “outing” them form the closet.
- Term that is inclusive of people who are not heterosexual-include lesbians,
gay men, bisexual people, and transgendered people. For many LGBT people, the
word “queer” has a negative connotation and provokes discomfort; however, many
younger gay people are comfortable using the term and have “reclaimed” it.
Curious, Unsure - Terms used to refer to anyone who is unsure of their
attractions, usually willing to experience/experiment with gender &
sexuality other than heterosexuality.
- 1. A biological term dividing a species into male or female, usually on sex
chromosomes; hormone levels, secondary sex characteristics, and internal and
external genitalia may also be considered criteria. 2. Another term for sexual
behavior or gratification. Sex is a biological fact or a sexual act.
behavior - What a person does in terms of sexual acts.
- The complex range of components which make us sexual beings; includes
emotional, physical, and sexual aspects, as well as self-identification
(including sexual orientation and gender), behavioral preferences and
practices, fantasies, and feelings of affection and emotional affinity.
Orientation - An enduring emotional, romantic, sexual, affectionate, and
relational attraction to another person. Can involve fantasy, behavior, and
self-identification; a person’s general make-up or alignment in terms of
partner attraction. May be a same-sex orientation, male-female orientation, or
a bisexual orientation.
- The state of a person’s gender identity not matching
their assigned sex.
Transition - The time when a person
begins living as the gender with which they identify rather than the sex they
were assigned at birth.
- The fear and hatred of or discomfort with people who are transgendered.
- An individual who dresses in the “opposite” gender clothing for a variety of