Requirement • Explanation • Tutorial
(o) Navigation:A method shall be provided that permits users to skip repetitive navigation links.
"It is common for Web authors to place navigation links at the top, bottom, or side of every new page. This technique can render use of a Web site very difficult for persons using a screen reader, because screen readers move through pages by reading from top to bottom. The use of repetitive navigation links forces persons with visual impairments to re-read these links when moving to every new page. This provision allows the user to more efficiently read the contents of a page" (JimThatcher.com).
A simple way to meet requirement "o" is to place an invisible 1 x 1 pixel image after the Winthrop logo (which should be located in the upper left corner of your pages) and before the repetitive links/navigation. Why put the image after the logo? The image ALT tag of the Winthrop logo tells the user that s/he is still on the Winthrop University site. When the screen reader reads the logo's ALT tag first, it helps to orient the visually impaired visitor.
This image should hyperlink to an anchor, or bookmark, immediately before the main content. The ALT tag for the image should read, "Skip to main content." When the screen reader reads this ALT tag aloud, the visually impaired user simply needs to hit the enter key, and the screen reader will immediately jump to the main content of the Web page. If this type of skipping over repetitive content was not offered to the visitor, the screen reader would read each item to the non-sighted user over and over again as s/he visited a new page.
For your convenience, you may also wish to download a printer-friendly Section 508 checklist (pdf).
For additional assistance with this requirement, send an email to firstname.lastname@example.org.