Central to activities at Winthrop University is Tillman Hall, formerly called Main Building. Over the years it has housed offices, classrooms, a swimming pool, museum, art gallery, the library, and a gymnasium, among others. After Tillman Science Building was razed in 1962, Main Building was renamed Tillman Administration Hall in honor of Benjamin R. Tillman, South Carolina governor, U.S. senator, and the driving force behind state support for Winthrop. Tillman was keynote speaker in 1894 at the laying of the building's cornerstone, which records the "Winthrop Normal and Industrial School of South Carolina" designation. Tillman was constructed with convict labor. Remnants of prisoners' stocks remain in the basement. Placed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1977, Tillman is an excellent example of the Romanesque architecture popular in the 1890s.
- "Normal and Industrial School" inscription on facade
- Prisoner's stocks in basement
- "Ghost of Ben Tillman"
- Unique, historic lobby
- Picturesque fountain
- Artesian well