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Model United Nations

Committees

General Assembly

The General Assembly (GA) of the Winthrop Model UN runs very much like the General Assembly of the United Nations, which is comprised of 192 Member States. The GA is the main body that debates policies and discusses issues that affect all Member States. Winthrop's GA will consist of all states listed on the Country Preference Form that have a college delegate.

*New* Human Rights Committee *New*

This new, optional, committee will run like the other "main" committees; high schools submit resolutions before the start of the conference, and the agenda is set by a straw poll vote. This body addresses human rights-related situations in all UN member states and addresses important thematic human rights issues such as freedom of association and assembly, freedom of expression, freedom of belief and religion, women's rights, LGBT rights, and the rights of racial and ethnic minorities.

Legal Committee

The Legal Committee at Winthrop's Model UN Conference runs much like the General Assembly. There will be set resolutions, written by high school delegates, to discuss and a straw poll vote will decide which one to talk about first. Each resolution will be discussed until it is voted on or tabled. In the United Nations, the Legal Committee, known as the "Sixth Committee" or GA-6, focuses on aspects of the law at the international level, international terrorism, the administration of justice, and the protection of peacekeepers and diplomats abroad.

Political and Security Committee

Winthrop MUN's "PolSec," is modeled after a combination of the United Nations' General Assembly First and Fourth Committees. These committees deal with subjects pertaining to decolonization, peacekeeping troops, nuclear weapons, disarmament, and matters of war. This committee is essential in keeping international peace and security.

Security Council

Often considered the strong hand of the UN, the Security Council consists of 15 Member States, five of which are Permanent Members and 10 non-permanent members who serve two-year terms on the Council. Each Council member has one vote; but if a Permanent Member (China, France, Russia, the UK, and the US) votes "no," they invoke the "power of veto." "Veto power" is given only to the Permanent Members (P-5) and just one can strike down any resolution to be passed, even if all other Council Members vote "yes."

The Security Council at Winthrop actually writes resolutions, rather than debating pre-written resolutions. This body is given the duty to determine threats against and maintain the peace, recommend action, use military force against aggressors; the Security Council ("SecCo") is the only UN body allowed to take punitive action against a Member State. More details about the workings of the Security Council are available on the Delegates page.

Social and Humanitarian Committee

Sometimes called "SocHum," the Social and Humanitarian Committee is the Third Committee of the UN General Assembly. This body focuses on social problems, humanitarian aid, and human rights issues with help from the Human Rights Council. Issues under the realm of GA-3 are indigenous rights, elimination of racism and discrimination, rights of women, rights of children, refugees, and prisoners of war. A very useful resource for this committee would be the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.

Special Committee

This year’s Special Committee will be the African Union. This is an organization of independent states located solely on the African continent. Founded in 2001, the objectives of the African Union include achieving greater unity and solidarity between the African countries and the peoples of Africa, defending the sovereignty, territorial integrity and independence of its Member States, accelerating the political and socio-economic integration of the continent, promoting and defending African common positions on issues of interest to the continent and its peoples, and promoting peace, security, and stability on the continent. The African Union uses institutions like the Pan-African Parliament, African Economic Community (AEC), and the AU Commission to further promote these interests. The African Standby Force (ASF) is the joint defense and military arm of the African Union that conducts peacekeeping missions during times of crisis. The committee will run similarly to the Security Council where there is an open agenda and delegates represent their respective heads of state. Topics may include, but are not limited to:


· Terrorist threat of Boko Haram, ISIS, and Al-Shabaab

· Civil War in the Central African Republic, Congo, Libya, Somalia, and Sudan

· Deforestation

· Hunger crisis

· Poverty rate

· Sustainable agriculture

· Fall of oil prices in oil-producing countries

· Economic growth and development

 

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